From: Paul Nicolson <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Sat, 25 May 2019 at 08:20
Subject: The devastating UN report on UK poverty & human rights plus some omissions. And the gross unfairness of UK property taxes.
The UN report on UK poverty
We are showing below some statements about unfairness cut and pasted from Professor Philip Alston’s report for the United Nations on poverty & human rights in the UK. The Scottish think tank CommonSpace has highlighted these key sections of the report. The full UN report is here.
“It might seem to some observers that the Department of Work and Pensions has been tasked with designing a digital and sanitised version of the nineteenth century workhouse, made infamous by Charles Dickens, rather than seeking to respond creatively and compassionately to the real needs of those facing widespread economic insecurity in an age of deep and rapid transformation brought about by automation, zero-hour contracts and rapidly growing inequality.”
Employment is no escape from poverty
“Almost 60 per cent of those in poverty in the United Kingdom are in families where someone works, and a shocking 2.9 million people are in poverty in families where all adults work full-time. According to the Equalities and Human Rights Commission, 10 per cent of workers over 16 are in insecure employment. And 10 years after the 2008 financial crisis, employees’ median real earnings are, remarkably, still below pre-crisis levels.”
Eat or Heat
“People said they had to choose either to eat or heat their homes. Children are showing up at school with empty stomachs, and schools are collecting food and sending it home because teachers know their students will otherwise go hungry. And 2.5 million people in the United Kingdom survive with incomes no more than 10 per cent above the poverty line –just one crisis away from falling into poverty.”
“In England, homelessness rose 60 per cent between 2011 and 2017 and rough sleeping rose 165 per cent from 2010 to 2018. The charity Shelter estimates that 320,000 people in Britain are now homeless, and recent research by Crisis suggests that 24,000 people are sleeping rough or on public transportation –more than twice government estimates. Almost 600 people died homeless in England and Wales in 2017 alone, a 24 per cent increase in the past five years.26There were 1.2 million people on the social housing waiting list in 2017, but less than 6,000 homes were built that year.”
The disappearing safety net
“The Special Rapporteur heard time and again about important public programmes being pared down, the loss of institutions that previously protected vulnerable people, social care services at a breaking point, and local government and devolved administrations stretched far too thin. Considering the significant resources available in the country and the sustained and widespread cuts to social support, which have resulted in significantly worse outcomes, the policies pursued since 2010 amount to retrogressive measures in clear violation of the country’s human rights obligations.”
Ideological, not Economic
“The ideological rather than economic motivation for the cutbacks is demonstrated by the fact that the United Kingdom spends £78 billion per year to reduce or alleviate poverty, quite apart from the cost of benefits; £1 in every £5 spent on public services goes to repair what poverty has done to people’s lives.40Cuts to preventive services mean that needs go unmet and people in crisis are pushed toward services that cannot turn them away but cost far more, like emergency rooms and expensive temporary housing.”
Harm done by Universal Credit
“The Special Rapporteur heard countless stories of severe hardships suffered under UC. These reports are corroborated by an increasing body of research that suggests UC is being implemented in ways that negatively impact claimants’ mental health, finances and work prospects. Where UC has fully rolled out, food bank demand has increased, a link belatedly acknowledged by the Work and Pensions Secretary in February 2019.”
“One of the key features of UC involves the imposition of strict conditions enforced by draconian sanctions for even minor infringements. As the system grows older, some penalties will last years. The Special Rapporteur reviewed seemingly endless evidence illustrating the harsh and arbitrary nature of some sanctions, as well as the devastating effects of losing access to benefits for weeks or months at a time.”
Women and Poverty
“Given the structural disadvantages faced by women, it is particularly disturbing that so many policy changes since 2010 have taken a greater toll on them. Changes to tax and benefit policies made since May 2010 will by 2021–2022 have reduced support for women far more than for men. Reductions in social care services translate to an increased burden on primary caregivers, who are disproportionately women. Under UC, single payments to an entire household, which are the default arrangement, can entrench problematic and often gendered interpersonal dynamics, including by giving control of payments to a financially or physically abusive partner.”
Some omissions from the UN report.
Professor Philip Alston has very accurately described the devastating impact on the poorest people in the UK of government policy since 2010. It is a complete and pointless waste of taxpayers money for Amber Rudd to complain to the United Nations about his report. It would have been even worse if he had:-
• included the impact of the council tax and its draconian enforcement against the shredded benefit incomes of working aged households,
• described poor maternal nutrition and the high level of low birthweight in the deprived areas of the UK leading to permanent developmental brain disorder in children and if he had
• investigated how the release of unlimited amounts of British land by British Governments for decades to an invasion of national and international millionaires and speculators is raising rents and prices above the capacity of low to middle income citizens to own or rent secure homes contrary to Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The steady and irresponsible leak of trillions of income from the City of London to tax havens, to avoid securing the basic human needs of poor people, also seems relevant to his enquiries.
The gross unfairness of UK property taxes
T.A.P. LETTER IN THE GUARDIAN
We hope the IFS Deaton review will ensure its agenda includes consideration of the inequality between renters and landlords or landowners. Unlike other countries’, our renters, of homes or small businesses, pay the landlords’ property tax, which we call council tax or business rates. But renters get none of the vast increases in the value of land that have been given unearned and untaxed to landlords and landowners since the “big bang” of the 1980s.
It would be a significant move towards equality if a small percentage of the annual increase in the value of land was paid by its owners to local or national government leading to the abolition of council tax, business rates, stamp duty and, if international experience of land value capture is shared in the UK, a reduction of taxes on income.
Rev Paul Nicolson Founder, Taxpayers Against Poverty
Fred Harrison Land Research Trust
Rev Paul Regan Chair, London Community Land Trust
Tom Burgess Director, Taxpayers Against Poverty
From the Reverend Paul Nicolson
Taxpayers Against Poverty
A VOICE FOR THE COMPASSIONATE MAJORITY
No citizen without an affordable home and an adequate income in work or unemployment.
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